Research Team: Krishna Sigdel, Sudip Tripathee and Goumati Satyal
Public sector organizations are established in order to provide better, faster and more services. They are either partially or completely funded by taxation. Generally, the main objective of public sector entities is to achieve outcomes—enhancing or maintaining the well-being of citizens—rather than generating profits. Public Enterprises (PEs) in the case of Nepal are often criticized for not being on par with the citizen’s expectations. Now there are altogether 37 PEs operating with many of the PEs incurring huge amount of loss annually. They are constantly perceived as a consumer of resources rather than the producer of wealth in the economy. They are process driven rather than being demand (customer) driven. They are often blamed to be incompetent in coping with the changes and transform themselves according to the need. This research aims to find the areas in which change can be initiated so that they can adapt to the new environment. One of the major tools for the improvement of the public enterprises/sectors can be through the intervention of organization development. The ultimate aim of organizational development is to increase organizational performance. It generally applies the concepts and practices from behavioral science knowledge to the planned development, improvement, and reinforcement of the strategies, structures, and processes that lead to organization effectiveness. The study will have a greater implication in the policy level since the findings of the research can be used to diagnose the problems existing in the PEs of Nepal and findings the appropriate solutions to the problems.
Research and Consulting
Research Team: Krishna Sigdel, Sudip Tripathee and Goumati Satyal
Research Team: Trilochan Pokharel and Rajendra Adhikari
Relationship between demographic structure and public spending has many facets to explore. There could have been contending arguments to what extent demographic structures are influential to a conscious decision on public spending. The demographic structure is theoretically considered as the denominator of development. This argument calls for considering population characteristics in development planning and public spending. This obvious proposition of interrelationship between population and development is reflected in development planning where demographic characteristics provide evidence for making major policy decisions. This research taking panel data for 2001-2015 on demographic structure, from Central Bureau of Statistics, Nepal and public spending, from Office of Comptroller General, for district level will establish whether public spending in Nepal is a conscious decision based on demographic structure. The results will have instrumental evidence for understanding public spending pattern in Nepal and resurrect the discourse on demography and development.
Research Team: Sundar Shrestha and Urgen Dorje Sherpa
Public sector accounting helps to act as the trustee to protect and manage public funds and discharge accountability. Financial performance of government activities can be measured and financial position can be reflected more systematically in comparison to cash accounting with an emphasis in accrual accounting. The central purpose of this study was to explore the gap between cash and accrual basis so that it will be the way out to move from cash to accrual basis. I employed an explorative research design. In doing so, I purposively selected Kathmandu as a research area. Equally, I have purposefully chosen the research participants (Accountants, FCA, CA, RA, Practitioners, and Experts) so as to capture their viewpoints. For this, I used in-depth interview and observation as a data collection tools. The results showed that influential suggestion in the area of the accrual accounting system.
Research Team: Shiva Hari Adhikari, Anil Kumar Gupta, and Gyan Laxmi Shrestha
The Government of Nepal has adopted various policies, plans, and programs to curb corruption over the years. However, Transparency International (2015) showed that there is a high level of corruption in Nepal. Bearing such aspect in the mind, the study aims to analyze level, pattern, and trend of corruption in Nepal by analyzing the cases published by Commission for the Investigation of Abuse of Authority in its annual reports from 2005 to 2015. Applying descriptive and bivariate analysis, it draws a level, trend and pattern of corruption and improper conduct using the disaggregated level data. Similarly, it seeks to analyze the relationship between corruption and gender as well as the position of a public official and working place of officials. Findings of this study showed that Nepal has relatively decreased the global corruption index of 2015 compared to 2013 and 2014. It is interesting to note that corruption cases lodged decreased dramatically from 2006 to 2008, however, it started to increase from 2008 onward. Similarly, it is seen that there was no significant fluctuation noticed in the number of complaints received and resolved in the Year between 2006 and 2015. During the Year between 2005 and 2015, the Central Development Region had the highest annual number of corruption and improper complaints registered, whereas the Far-Western Development Region had the lowest. Similarly, Tarai districts recorded the highest number of corruption cases complaints between 2005 and 2013. During the Year 2005 to 2015, Mahottari was repeatedly listed in the top 10 districts registering the highest number of corruption and improper conduct's complaints. Additionally, this study also showed a significant relationship in gender, position, working place, and types of corruption with small to moderate effect which offers a new and conclusive perspective in a debate in the scientific community regarding their association.
Keywords: Corruption, gender, position and workplace
Functional Analysis and Institutional Arrangements in the Forest Sector in Federal setting of Nepal
Service rendered to: Ministry of Ministry of Forest and Soil Conservation through Hariyo Ban Program/WWF Nepal
Organization and Management Survey of Nepal Rastra Bank
Name of Project: Organization and Management Survey of Nepal Rastra Bank
Service rendered to: Nepal Rastra Bank
Developing Strategic Plan of Social Welfare Council
Consultancy rendered to: Social Welfare Council
Consulting Team: Dr. Tarak Bahadur KC, Basanta Raj Sigdel, Achala Dahal and Santosh Koirala
Enhancing Portfolio Management
Duration: 16 Nov 2015 to 31 Dec 2016
Funding Agency: Asian Development Bank(ADB)
Name of Project: Institutional Arrangements of Government of Nepal under Federal Constitution
Service rendered to: Ministry of General Administration/ Project to Prepare the Public Administration for State Reforms (PREPAPRE)